Qualitative methods are central to implementation research, which focuses on integrating evidence-based practices into “real-world” settings and contexts. Historically, implementation scientists have relied primarily on semi-structured interviews to characterize knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of various stakeholders involved in implementation. However, as the field has evolved, ethnographic methods are increasingly called upon to study complex implementation phenomena such as adaptations to interventions and strategies, contextual shifts, relationships and power dynamics, change over time, stakeholder engagement, and sustainability. In this new course, we will review principles of ethnographic research, and then discuss:
Methodological concepts will be illustrated via examples from implementation research in the context of varied settings such as healthcare organizations, educational institutions, and communities.
Course content assumes working knowledge of implementation science. Participants will be provided with materials and bibliographies to support the use of ethnographic methods in implementation research. The course will draw on material from four resources:
Snell-Rood, C., Jaramillo, E., Hamilton, A., Raskin, S., Nicosia, F., Willging, C. (2021). Advancing health equity through a theoretically critical implementation science. Translational Behavioral Medicine, Apr 27:ibab008. doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibab008